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Aspiration - /p/, /t/
Short Vowels /æ/ /ʌ/ /ɑ:/
Short Vowels /æ/ /ʌ/ /ɑ:/Polish speakers will often mispronounce the vowels /ʌ/, /æ/ and /ɑ:/ as Polish does not contain them, instead the Polish /a/ is often used. The following words should be pronounced with different vowel sounds:
New minimal pairs lists
These lists a re useful for all learners of English: Your teacher can advise you on what sounds you can practice.
Minimal pairs are two words whose pronunciation is different by only one sound – like reach and rich, or man and main. In these lessons, you’re going to practice your pronunciation of similar English words with minimal pairs exercises.
Look at the letters;
Hear what sounds they make;
Listen to the whole word;
Then press the microphone:
Speak loudly and clearly to test your own pronunciation.