How to pronounce the sounds

  • Relax the mouth and keep sound short./: ɪ/
  • Keep tongue front & low and jaws apart./: æ/
  • Tongue low central. Lips relaxed./: ʌ/
  • Mouth not so large. Lips relaxed./: ʌ/
  • Back of tongue high. Lips rounded but relaxed. Short./: ʊ/
  • Weak endings: e.g. "London" "England"/: ə/
  • Tongue low, back & fixed. Jaws together./: ɔ:/
  • Fix tongue in central position. Long./: ɜ:/
  • Tongue moves from front centre to front high./: eɪ/
  • Start with tongue low front./: aɪ/
  • Tongue low front to high front to centre./: aɪə/=/aɪ/+/ə/
  • Start with tongue low & back./: ɔɪ/
  • Tongue central. Then tightly round lips./: əʊ/
  • Tongue low front. Then round & unround lips./: aʊə/=/aʊ/+/ə/
  • Tongue high and front. Move to centre./: ɪə/
  • Tongue from centre front. Draw back to centre./: eə/
  • Start with lips tightly rounded. Unround./: ʊə/
  • Voiceless. Friction. Tongue between teeth./: θ/
  • Voiced. Friction. Tongue between teeth./: ð/
  • Voiceless: tip of tongue behind top teeth. Friction./: s/
  • Voiced: tip of tongue behind top teeth. Friction./: z/
  • Voiceless. Friction. Front of tongue to palate./: ʃ/
  • Unvoiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate./: ʧ/
  • Quickly push air from throat out of mouth./: h/
  • Voiced: Tip to alveolar. Front to palate./: ʤ/
  • Back of tongue to back roof. Nasal./: ŋk/
  • British "r" is weaker & usually silent unless followed by a vowel.
  • Glide /j/(i:) the tongue quickly to next sound/: j/
  • Start with lips tightly rounded. Unround & glide./: w/